ANALYSING OF AN OTTOMAN PALACE CARPET IN THE CONTEXT OF THE ILLUMINATION ART IN TERMS OF COMPOSITION
Selçuk Üniversitesi, Güzel Sanatlar Fakültesi, Geleneksel Türk Sanatları, Halı, Kilim ve Eski Kumaş Desenleri Anasanat Dalı
Keywords: Palacecarpet, Weaving, İllumination Art, Pattern, Design
Carpet art; It is an important representative of Traditional Turkish Arts with examples worth examining in terms of motif and composition. In the classical development process of Turkish carpets in the 16th century, Ottoman palace rugs are a remarkable group in terms of technique and pattern. These examples are important because they reflect the general understanding of art of the period. Different samples of palace rugs have survived in various museums and private collections. "Ottoman Palace Rugs", which have distinctive features of classical period Ottoman art, show similarities with the art of illumination in terms of motif and composition arrangement. In this study, Ottoman Palace Rugs were evaluated over a carpet sample in terms of the motif composition they contain. The example of the palace carpet examined is the carpet found in the Victoria and Albert Museum today. Registered in the museum with the inventory number 491-1899, the carpet is dated to the second half of the 16th century. Detailed drawings of the motif composition it contains were made based on the images of the carpet.
In this study, the pattern scheme of the Ottoman palace carpet was analyzed within the framework of the processing steps and rules in the art of illumination. Thus; As it is known, it is aimed to emphasize the common aspects of the motifs seen in palace rugs with the art of illumination. The motif placement template, pattern scheme and composition order of the examined carpet was presented by drawing. The pattern composition of the examined carpet and the motifs on it were evaluated within the framework of the rules in the decoration.