DEFTER ANALYSİS OF CARPETRYİN THE OTTOMAN STATE ARCHİVES (NO. MAD-d-14500)
1Uşak Üniversitesi, Güzel Sanatlar Fakültesi, Geleneksel Türk Sanatları Bölümü
2Kilis 7 Aralık Üniversitesi, Teknik Bilimler Meslek Yüksek Okulu, El Sanatları Bölümü, Halıcılık-Kilimcilik Programı
Keywords: Uşak, Carpet, Weaving, Promotion, Customs-Duty Tax, Capital
Carpetry among the Turkish traditional arts has a very important place and historical past. This art survived from its emergence in the geography that Turks lived. The Turks discovered carpet weaving technique and extended all over the World. From the mid of 19th century and on Turkish Carpetry started to lose its importance due to developing mass production technology. Some financial promotions were introduced by the state in order to develop hand-woven carpet weaving activities and to increase the demand for hand-woven carpets. Ottoman Government supported carpet traders by capital incentives for reaching the desired quality level and extensive public usage. This is a very important problem for the promotion of the sector. It will be very much influential to distribute promotions to weavers who guaranty new type of weaving.(designs and patterns). The necessary carpet weaving information to weaving people was given by authorized trainers and carpets were woven accordingly. Contractors were awarded in order to increase the promotions for the new type carpet production. Custom duty tax is continued for old type weavings but tax exemption is introduced for the new type carpets. Thus, carpets which were produced much more cheaply and were continued to be in great demand were produced. Therefore, the traditional (historical) Uşak Carpet with its “Nev-resim” appearance got further away from its classical form and new motifs were obtained. As a result, according to the book that we work on, it is evident that the state contributed for the development of carpet weaving by investing a large amount of money in material and tecnical support.