REFLECTIONS OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT CONNECTED CULTURE ON TRADITIONAL WOVEN AND KNITTING PRODUCTS OF HAKKÂRI
Van Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi, Van Meslek Yüksekokulu.
Keywords: Hakkâri, Natural Environment, Culture, Handicrafts, Reflection.
Natural environment encompasses all living creatures and non-living things that have not been subject to any human intervention in their environment. These creatures and things have different effects on people with their extraordinary beauty, magnificence, majesty, power, speed, attractiveness or spookiness. As in different parts of Anatolia, this interaction can be extensively observed on the weaving and knitting works of Hakkâri region. The fact that various plants and animals motifs are frequently encountered on Hakkâri ethnographic works -- obtained through field work in thirty-two settlements of Hakkâri -- clearly reveals the effect of the natural environment on the local people and their art. While we usually see a motif of an animal or an insect on the woollen socks, a world of birds or different animals is depicted on some rugs. Examples include: the hoopoe, which symbolizes loyalty, respect and loyalty; shelduck, the symbol of cleanliness; ladybug, the symbol of fortune and luck; budgerigar, symbolizing the deep love; and pigeon, considered sacred.
By examining Hakkâri weaving and knitting works, on which various animal, insect and plant motifs are processed, this study is aimed to contribute to the relevant body of knowledge in this field, as well as protecting and promoting our cultural heritage.