ISSN: 1301-255X
e-ISSN: 2687-4016

Ahmet Aytaç

Keywords: Weaving, Rug, Color, Pattern, Motif


Handicrafts have an important place in the cultural history of nations. Weaving is one of the oldest arts in the world. The historical origin of Turkish weavings among the floor textiles is very old. The Turks also carried their culture wherever they went. The old Turks which engaged in animal husbandory, gave importance to the weaving art as normally in their culture. These weavings are also products of national culture.Turkish weaving in Central Asia maintained its importance from past to nowadays. Rugs are not as durable as carpets. Examples of 15th century and later came to nowadays. It is very natural for Georgians and Turks living in nearby geographies to have a cultural interaction. Turks, who have produced important works in the art of weaving for centuries, have influenced the cultures of other nations.

Georgians who be their real ancestors Hittites and Subars, have an effective culture as geography location on the eastern edge of the Black Sea in the southern Caucasus. Georgians have lived in the lands between the South Caucasus, the Black Sea and the Caspian Lake (Sea) for a long time. The lands where Georgians lived were under the dominance of Turkish states such as Hun, Caspian, Kipchak, Seljuk and Ottoman at some times in history.

Georgia is on geography which has the Turkish world and Turkey. Thus, Georgia and Turkey are also observed in the common cultural traces. Rugs have common cultural traces. There are similar motifs in Georgian and Anatolian Turkish rugs. This similarity can be easily seen in all rugs woven in Georgia. This similarity is not only found in motifs. As for weaving technique, Georgian rugs are the same as Turkish weavings.

In this research, seven of the Georgian rugs will be examined. The mentioned rugs detected in homes and workplaces in Batumi and Tbilisi. These seven rugs consist of four different pattern schemes. In this research, also the patterns and technical aspects of Georgian rugs will be discussed. The pattern and color features between Konya and Georgia rugs will be compared as mostly motif.