REFLECTIONS OF MARRIAGE RELATED TRADITIONS TO ART IN HAKKARI
Keywords: Hakkâri, Traditions, Marriage, Handicrafts, Motif
Since the past, human beings have transferred their thoughts, beliefs and feelings through producing different products with different lines and motifs and handicrafts is an excellent example for such transformation. In this context, it is possible to see this tradition very clearly in the weaving and knitting style the handicraft products in Hakkâri region, where sheep breeding is common. While in some knitting works such as woollen socks, there is mostly one motif which conveys the knitter’s emotions and thoughts to the interlocutor, in other knitting works like kilims, various motifs are utilized in one composition to tell a story. Beside the messages and stories of abundance, fertility, love, affection, marriage, family, loyalty and devotion, there are also messages and stories of protecting and shielding human against factors that may adversely affect life. On the other hand, similar motifs with this listed theme can be seen on the art elements of many societies. Even though these motifs have similarities, their meanings are different from society to another and from region to another. Undoubtedly, there is an important role of traditions, beliefs and culture of each community and region on these differences. People, in traditions related to marriage in Hakkari region, instead of expressing their feelings to their lovers verbally, they give a present such as a mirror, comb, necklace, earrings and etc. or a handicraft work which has motifs belonging to their culture.
This study aims to contribute to the scientific studies to be carried out on this subject in order to promote and preserve the cultural and artistic products of Hakkâri region by including marriage- family motifs on the weaving and knitting works.