ARTVİN ŞAVŞAT MOSQUE DESIGNED WALL RUGS
Zuhal TÜRKTAŞ1, Nihal DEMİRTAŞ GÜNEL2
1Selçuk Üniversitesi, Güzel Sanatlar Fakültesi, Geleneksel Türk Sanatları, Halı, Kilim ve Eski Kumaş Desenleri Anasanat Dalı
2Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Trabzon Meslek Yüksek Okulu, Geleneksel El Sanatları Ana Bilim Dalı, El Sanatları Bölümü
Keywords: Şavşat, Plain Weaving, Rug, Tapestry, Kedel, Depiction of Mosque
This work; It deals with the examination of three wall rugs with mosque depictions woven in Artvin / Şavşat district in terms of raw material, technique, design and usage characteristics. Rugs woven in the Black Sea region among Anatolian plain weavings have an important place. In an area including Artvin in the Eastern Black Sea Region, weavings with rug technique are generally seen. Examples include prayer rugs, divan (cedar) rugs, runners and tapestries. Wool is generally used in the weavings found in the region and it is colored with natural dyes and dyes obtained from a mixture of synthetic dyes with plants. These samples woven with kilim technique are decorated with traditional motifs such as hair tie, tree of life, hand on waist, dovetail / wolf print. The mountainous nature of the region and living conditions have allowed the use of plain weaves both inside and outside the home and for purposes such as transportation. Documentation of these local rugs and their transfer to the future will be important for preserving traditional memory. Rugs woven within the scope of plain weavings in the region consist of the floor exhibition, seat rugs, prayer rugs and wall rugs (kedel). It is known that wall rugs are named as "kedel" in the region, and this aspect creates an ethnic feature. The size and design features of the rugs differ from other weavings. The three examples obtained are depicted as the mosque as a composition feature. The first example was found in a boutique hotel in Şavşat Yeniköy District Government Street, the second example was found in Şavşat Yavuz village mosque, and the third example was found in a private collection in Şavşat Fatih neighborhood. There are carpets and rugs with mosque depictions in Anatolia, and no documentation has been made of Şavşat and its surroundings. In the study, the mentioned rugs were handled in terms of their raw materials, technical patterns, compositions, and sizes, and the data obtained in line with the observation forms were evaluated in terms of design.